As children grow, they develop emotional and cognitive abilities which caregivers recognize as markers indicating the child is on track for his age.
- At birth, the cerebellum, or “housekeeping brain,” is already functioning, regulating breathing, sleep, sucking and swallowing, elimination and heartbeat. It also registers threats like isolation, hunger and falling. These housekeeping and alarm functions continue throughout life.
- At three months, the human connection and attachment system begins to func- tion. This is when social and emotional life begins.
- As time passes, children develop layers of increasing abilities – imagination, making up and playing games, building friendships, learning and using language, reading, writing, school and home routines – learning more every day.
- Adolescents turn their attention outward to new ideas, experiences, and people. They can be creative, critical and inventive in unexpected ways. They are both more logical and more emotional than their younger selves.
- By their mid-20’s young men and women have improved judgment, impulse control, insight, wisdom and emotional balance. And, while learning never stops as long as we live, all capacities are now available.
Read the 20-page series “Helping Children Cope…” which includes this page. Download the free PDF to read, print, and distribute.